1. During this period, the priestesses of Athena, or plyntrídes, performed a cleansing ritual within the Erechtheion, a sanctuary devoted to Athena and Poseidon. The festival lasted for five days. Also in the Iliad, Zeus, the chief god, specifically assigns the sphere of war to Ares, the god of war, and Athena. Los dioses no habían abandonado Kratos en absoluto. Athena was customarily portrayed wearing body armour and a helmet and carrying a shield and a lance. Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva. She was Zeus’s favorite child. The qualities that lead to victory are found on the aegis, or breastplate, that Athena wears when she goes to war: fear, strife, defense, and assault. …was moralized; the goddess Pallas Athene, for example, who in physical allegory stood for the ether, in moral allegory was taken to represent reflective wisdom because she was born out of the forehead of her father, Zeus. In post-Mycenaean times the city, especially its citadel, replaced the palace as Athena’s domain. Fuentes: God of War … Yet the Greek economy, unlike that of the Minoans, was largely military, so that Athena, while retaining her earlier domestic functions, became a goddess of war. Athena’s moral and military superiority to Ares derives in part from the fact that she represents the intellectual and civilized side of war and the virtues of justice and skill, whereas Ares represents mere blood lust. En God of War le concedió a Kratos la ira de los diosespara utilizarla en destruir a sus enemigos. Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom and war who is a character from the God of War game series, and she secretly plays a villainous role in the game God of War III. Black Friday Sale! Who is the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Ares? Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Immortality: Like all Olympians, Athena was immortal, unable to age or die from natur… Athena was the Goddess of War, the female counterpart of Ares. Astral Projection: After she sacrificed herself for Zeus, Athena was able to return in an Astral Form to guide Kratos. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Athena-Greek-mythology, Roman and Greek Gods - Facts about Athena, National and Kapodestrian University of Athens - Faculty of History and Archaeology - Athena’s Peplos: Weaving as a Core Female Activity in Ancient and Modern Greece, Athena - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Athena - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). She sprang from Zeus’s head, full-grown and clothed in armor. She was thought to have had neither consort nor offspring. Atenea le dio a Kratos el trono de Ares y el título de God of War. Athena became the goddess of crafts and skilled peacetime pursuits in general. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Athena appears in Homer’s Odyssey as the tutelary deity of Odysseus, and myths from later sources portray her similarly as helper of Perseus and Heracles (Hercules). Sin embargo, Atenea Kratos salvado de caer a su muerte. Lleva dos espadas cortas en la espalda, que utiliza para detener a Kratos de matar a Zeus con la Espada del Olimpo. Atenea es la única personaje a parte del mismo protagonista que ha aparecido en todas las entregas de God Of War hasta la fecha. Al igual que todos lo demás dioses, era inmortal y poderosa, sólo era capaz de ser asesinada por el poder de la Espada del Olimpo. She was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemis, goddess of the outdoors. As a war goddess Athena could not be dominated by other goddesses, such as Aphrodite, and as a palace goddess she could not be violated. Her superiority also derives in part from the vastly greater variety and importance of her functions and from the patriotism of Homer’s predecessors, Ares being of foreign origin. There was an alternative story that Zeus swallowed Metis, the goddess of counsel, while she was pregnant with Athena, so that Athena finally emerged from Zeus. She inspired three of Phidias’s sculptural masterpieces, including the massive chryselephantine (gold and ivory) statue of Athena Parthenos once housed in the Parthenon; and in Aeschylus’s dramatic tragedy Eumenides she founded the Areopagus (Athens’s aristocratic council), and, by breaking a deadlock of the judges in favour of Orestes, the defendant, she set the precedent that a tied vote signified acquittal. In her aspect of Athena Polias, Athena was venerated as the goddess of the city and the protectress of the citadel. Athena Parthenos, full-scale replica of Phidias's chryselephantine sculpture by Alan LeQuire, 1982; in a full-scale replica of the Parthenon, Nashville, Tennessee. She may not have been described as a virgin originally, but virginity was attributed to her very early and was the basis for the interpretation of her epithets Pallas and Parthenos. Omissions? Here Athena's statue was undressed, her clothes washed, and body purified. She was widely worshipped, but in modern times she is associated primarily with Athens, to which she gave her name. She was associated with birds, particularly the owl, which became famous as the city’s own symbol, and with the snake. As the guardian of the welfare of kings, Athena became the goddess of good counsel, of prudent restraint and practical insight, as well as of war. In the Iliad, Athena is the divine form of the heroic, martial ideal: she personifies excellence in close combat, victory, and glory. In Homer’s Iliad, Athena, as a war goddess, inspires and fights alongside the Greek heroes; her aid is synonymous with military prowess. Moral and physical interpretation is often intermingled.…. The Parthenon, on the Acropolis, in Athens. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Corrections? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). También le concedió el Cuchillas de Atenea para reemplazar el Blades of Chaos que le dio (y se lo llevaron) por Ares. Her emergence there as city goddess, Athena Polias (“Athena, Guardian of the City”), accompanied the ancient city-state’s transition from monarchy to democracy. Su participación es la de consejera de Kratos al toparse con los numerosos acertijos que se le presentan al jugador. Two Athenians, the sculptor Phidias and the playwright Aeschylus, contributed significantly to the cultural dissemination of Athena’s image. That she ultimately became allegorized to personify wisdom and righteousness was a natural development of her patronage of skill. Her birth and her contest with Poseidon, the sea god, for the suzerainty of the city were depicted on the pediments of the Parthenon, and the great festival of the Panathenaea, in July, was a celebration of her birthday. Sin embargo, Kratos también le da muerte a Atenea por descuido. To her account, it also gave her a different outlook on the world and caused her to "finally have seen the truth". As the Goddess of War and Wisdom, Athena was one of the most powerful gods on Olympus; with a large variety of abilities, she was just as powerful (if not more powerful) as Ares, her rival. Ella también tenía el poder de c… Premium Membership is now 50% off! Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva. Athena was probably a pre-Hellenic goddess and was later taken over by the Greeks. Athena’s association with the acropolises of various Greek cities probably stemmed from the location of the kings’ palaces there. She was the daughter of Zeus, produced without a mother, so that she emerged full-grown from his forehead. From fruits to winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology. 2. In Athens, the Plynteria, or "Feast of the Bath", was observed every year at the end of the month of Thargelion. She was particularly known as the patroness of spinning and weaving. She was voiced by Carole Ruggier in God of War, God of War II, and 2018s' God of War. Athena was wor… Athena was probably a pre-Hellenic goddess and was later taken over by the Greeks. According to Homer’s account in the Iliad, Athena was a fierce and ruthless warrior. Being the favourite child of Zeus, she had great power. She appears once more briefly as a minor antagonizing illusion in God Of War (2018). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? Como una diosa, Atenea poseía numerosos poderes y fue capaz de aparecer en muchas formas y era invencible a ciertas formas de ataque. She was the daughter of Zeus; no mother bore her. Updates? In the Odyssey, she was angry and unforgiving. She was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemis, goddess of the outdoors. She was also worshipped in many other cities, notably in Sparta.
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