[43] The song became one of the biggest hits in history, and frenzied teens flocked to see Haley and the Comets perform it, causing riots in some cities. Licenciada em Educação Artística pela Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp) em 2007 e formada em Fotografia pela Escola Panamericana de Arte e Design, localizada em São Paulo, em 2010. "[82], Some music historians have also pointed to important and innovative developments that built on rock and roll in this period, including multitrack recording, developed by Les Paul, the electronic treatment of sound by such innovators as Joe Meek, and the "Wall of Sound" productions of Phil Spector,[83] continued desegregation of the charts, the rise of surf music, garage rock and the Twist dance craze. [18] In 1951, Cleveland, Ohio, disc jockey Alan Freed began playing this music style while popularizing the phrase to describe it. É importante salientar que, por conta de sua pele branca, Elvis teve maior espaço na mídia da época e foi melhor aceito pela sociedade conservadora americana. Rock 'n' Road Trip Lace up your lucky shoes, buckle your seat belts, and get ready to run 15 virtual tour stops on our 2020 Rock 'n' Road Trip! [76] Elvis' rock and roll version of "Hound Dog", taken mainly from a version recorded by the pop band Freddie Bell and the Bellboys, was very different from the blues shouter that Big Mama Thornton had recorded four years earlier. [68] Some of Presley's early recordings were covers of black rhythm and blues or blues songs, such as "That's All Right" (a countrified arrangement of a blues number), "Baby Let's Play House", "Lawdy Miss Clawdy" and "Hound Dog". During and immediately after World War II, with shortages of fuel and limitations on audiences and available personnel, large jazz bands were less economical and tended to be replaced by smaller combos, using guitars, bass and drums. [27][29] One particularly noteworthy example of a jazz song with recognizably rock and roll elements is Big Joe Turner with pianist Pete Johnson's 1939 single Roll 'Em Pete, which is regarded as an important precursor of rock and roll. Autor Cezara Anton 7976 vizualizări. FIND YOUR START LINE. Nos anos 80 o comportamento e estética visual que imperavam eram bastante excêntricos, trazendo muito brilho, penteados e roupas exageradas. Covers were customary in the music industry at the time; it was made particularly easy by the compulsory license provision of United States copyright law (still in effect). [50] Also in 1955, Bo Diddley introduced the "Bo Diddley beat" and a unique electric guitar style,[51] influenced by African and Afro-Cuban music and in turn influencing many later artists.[52][53][54]. Share. [79][80] By 1959, the deaths of Buddy Holly, The Big Bopper and Ritchie Valens in a plane crash (February 1959), the departure of Elvis for service in the United States Army (March 1958), the retirement of Little Richard to become a preacher (October 1957), the scandal surrounding Jerry Lee Lewis' marriage to his thirteen-year-old cousin (May 1958), the arrest of Chuck Berry (December 1959), and the breaking of the Payola scandal implicating major figures, including Alan Freed, in bribery and corruption in promoting individual acts or songs (November 1959), gave a sense that the initial phase of rock and roll had come to an end. [63] Doo-wop would be a major influence on vocal surf music, soul and early Merseybeat, including the Beatles.[63]. If everything that came before laid the groundwork, "Rock Around the Clock" introduced the music to a global audience. Muzyczna podróż przez najważniejsze wydarzenia półwiecza (1955-2005). Some commentators have suggested a decline of rock and roll in the late 1950s and early 1960s. A primeira representante do gênero foi Celly Campello, com um rock bem inocente. [104] It gave teenagers a sense of belonging, even when they were alone. [22][23] Radio stations that made white and black forms of music available to both groups, the development and spread of the gramophone record, and African-American musical styles such as jazz and swing which were taken up by white musicians, aided this process of "cultural collision". [90] American rock and roll acts such as Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Buddy Holly, Chuck Berry and Carl Perkins thereafter became major forces in the British charts. Nos anos 80 foi a vez de dançar junto com Blitz, Barão Vermelho, Legião Urbana, Titãs, Kid Abelha, dentre outras, como o Sepultura, estilo de rock mais pesado. [4] While rock and roll's formative elements can be heard in blues records from the 1920s,[5] and in country records of the 1930s,[4] the genre did not acquire its name until 1954.[6][7]. [46] However, the use of distortion was predated by electric blues guitarists such as Joe Hill Louis,[47] Guitar Slim,[48] Willie Johnson of Howlin' Wolf's band,[49] and Pat Hare; the latter two also made use of distorted power chords in the early 1950s. The cover versions were not necessarily straightforward imitations. [91] At the same time, TV shows such as Six-Five Special and Oh Boy! Conheça os principais Gêneros musicais brasileiros. [85] Cliff Richard and his backing band, the Shadows, were the most successful home grown rock and roll based acts of the era. V. Bogdanov, C. Woodstra, S. T. Erlewine, eds, Second Great Migration (African American), The Cambridge companion to blues and gospel music, "Morgan Wright's HoyHoy.com: The Dawn of Rock 'n Roll", "Yes, Chuck Berry Invented Rock 'n' Roll -- and Singer-Songwriters. O Rock é uma vertente musical surgida do termo Rock and Roll. Já na década de 90, o estilo de rock que despontou foi o grunge, um rock alternativo vindo de Seattle. [20] There were also changes in the record industry, with the rise of independent labels like Atlantic, Sun and Chess servicing niche audiences and a similar rise of radio stations that played their music. [109] From the mid-1960s on, as "rock and roll" was rebranded as "rock," later dance genres followed, leading to funk, disco, house, techno, and hip hop. O audycji "Rock’n’roll – historia powszechna", czyli historia świata od narodzin rock’n’rolla. [104] Rock and roll is often identified with the emergence of teen culture among the first baby boomer generation, who had greater relative affluence and leisure time and adopted rock and roll as part of a distinct subculture. It is often depicted in movies, fan magazines, and on television. [85] More grassroots British rock and rollers soon began to appear, including Wee Willie Harris and Tommy Steele. Universal Music Enterprises. [13][14], The phrase "rocking and rolling" originally described the movement of a ship on the ocean,[15] but by the early 20th century was used both to describe the spiritual fervor of black church rituals[16] and as a sexual analogy. History of Rock and Roll Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Já nos anos 2000 fizeram sucesso Los hermanos, Pitty, Fresno, NX Zero e outras. Outro nome importante dessa época é Raul Seixas. [85] During this period American Rock and Roll remained dominant; however, in 1958 Britain produced its first "authentic" rock and roll song and star, when Cliff Richard reached number 2 in the charts with "Move It". [67] Before the efforts of Freed and others, black music was taboo on many white-owned radio outlets, but artists and producers quickly recognized the potential of rock and roll. Topics such as sex that had generally been considered taboo began to appear in rock and roll lyrics. [42] Chuck Berry's 1955 classic "Maybellene" in particular features a distorted electric guitar solo with warm overtones created by his small valve amplifier. Hoje em dia ganhou o mundo e mobiliza grande número de pessoas que apreciam a vertente, tendo até uma data em sua homenagem, o Dia Mundial do Rock, em 13 de julho. De esta forma es como se desarrolló el rock and roll en sus orígenes, pasando por el blues, country y R&B, revolucionando no solo en el ámbito musical, sino también en el comportamiento de toda una generación que creció escuchando R&B hasta convertirse en rock. [107], From its early 1950s beginnings through the early 1960s, rock and roll spawned new dance crazes[108] including the twist. Christ-Janer, Albert, Charles W. Hughes, and Carleton Sprague Smith. O audycji "Rock’n’roll – historia powszechna", czyli historia świata od narodzin rock’n’rolla. "Rockabilly" usually (but not exclusively) refers to the type of rock and roll music which was played and recorded in the mid-1950s primarily by white singers such as Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, and Jerry Lee Lewis, who drew mainly on the country roots of the music. L to R: '50's rock n' roll pioneers The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Chuck Berry, Elvis Presley, Little Richard, and Jerry Lee Lewis. Esse festival foi marcante na trajetória do rock'n'roll, apresentando músicos importantes da época. Later rockabilly acts, particularly performing songwriters like Buddy Holly, would be a major influence on British Invasion acts and particularly on the song writing of the Beatles and through them on the nature of later rock music. Hoje em dia ganhou o mundo e mobiliza grande … El rock, como la mayoría de las música populares del siglo 20, nacieron de una confluencia de estilos, algunos muy diferentes entre sí. [42] In terms of its wide cultural impact across society in the US and elsewhere, Bill Haley's "Rock Around the Clock",[43] recorded in April 1954 but not a commercial success until the following year, is generally recognized as an important milestone, but it was preceded by many recordings from earlier decades in which elements of rock and roll can be clearly discerned. Os nomes que se destacaram nessa primeira fase foram: Jackie Brenston, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Cash, Jimmy Preston, Little Richard, Bill Haley, Chuck Berry (esse considerado por muitos como o "pai do rock") e outros. [98] In addition, rock and roll may have contributed to the civil rights movement because both African-American and white American teens enjoyed the music. Ainda assim, tiveram espaço bandas como Evanescence, The Strokes, Interpol, Arctic Monkeys, Franz Ferdinand, e outras. [101] The coming together of white youth audiences and black music in rock and roll inevitably provoked strong white racist reactions within the US, with many whites condemning its breaking down of barriers based on color. Corría el año 1954 y acababa de comenzar la historia del rock&roll. Elvis, imitando o estilo de músicos negros, deu ao rock visibilidade com uma postura "rebelde", aliando à sonoridade empolgante uma dança provocativa, tanto que foi chamado de Elvis, The Pelvis. NME brings you the latest music news and reviews, along with music videos and galleries, plus band features, blogs on your favourite artists, concert tickets, competitions and more [97], Rock and roll influenced lifestyles, fashion, attitudes, and language. Later, as those songs became popular, the original artists' recordings received radio play as well.[74]. O gênero é fruto de uma combinação de diversos tipos de música, principalmente a música negra, que com o passar do tempo, desdobrou-se também em outros subgêneros. Nessa fase, os shows eram monumentais, com grande público enchendo enormes locais. [17] By 1943, the "Rock and Roll Inn" in South Merchantville, New Jersey, was established as a music venue. Nos anos 50 surge uma figura que viria a ser considerada mais tarde como "rei do rock", era Elvis Presley. O rapaz branco vindo da cidade de Memphis, no Tennessee, cantava no coro da igreja quando criança e recebeu influência do blues, vertente musical de origem negra. [63] Towards the end of the decade there were increasing numbers of white, particularly Italian-American, singers taking up Doo Wop, creating all-white groups like the Mystics and Dion and the Belmonts and racially integrated groups like the Del-Vikings and the Impalas. Os anos 90 foram marcados por nomes como Charlie Brown Jr, Nação Zumbi, Angra e Cássia Eller. A palavra rock é uma derivação do termo em inglês rocking and rolling, que pode ser entendido como "balançar e rolar", sugerindo uma dança com conotação sexual. [94] Many groups moved towards the beat music of rock and roll and rhythm and blues from skiffle, like the Quarrymen who became the Beatles, producing a form of rock and roll revivalism that carried them and many other groups to national success from about 1963 and to international success from 1964, known in America as the British Invasion. [citation needed], The initial response of the British music industry was to attempt to produce copies of American records, recorded with session musicians and often fronted by teen idols. [58] His song "Guitar Rock" is considered as classic rockabilly. Teenagers found the syncopated backbeat rhythm especially suited to reviving Big Band-era jitterbug dancing. [16], In 1934, the song "Rock and Roll" by the Boswell Sisters appeared in the film Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round. The lyrics of rock and roll songs described events and conflicts that most listeners could relate to through personal experience. Originou-se nos Estados Unidos na segunda metade do século XX, alcançando seu auge nos anos 70 e 80. [36], Rock and roll arrived at a time of considerable technological change, soon after the development of the electric guitar, amplifier and microphone, and the 45 rpm record. [93] About the same time, a British blues scene developed, initially led by purist blues followers such as Alexis Korner and Cyril Davies who were directly inspired by American musicians such as Robert Johnson, Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf. In the earliest rock and roll styles, either the piano or saxophone was typically the lead instrument. A finales de los 50 e inicios de los 60 se produjo un vació musicalporque muchos de los ídolos del rock naciente se habían retirado temporalmente de la música por cuestiones personales. [77][78] Other white artists who recorded cover versions of rhythm & blues songs included Gale Storm [Smiley Lewis' "I Hear You Knockin'"], the Diamonds [The Gladiolas' "Little Darlin'" and Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers' "Why Do Fools Fall in Love? Various gospel, blues and swing recordings used the phrase before it became used more frequently – but still intermittently – in the 1940s, on recordings and in reviews of what became known as "rhythm and blues" music aimed at a black audience. [20] Particularly significant influences were jazz, blues, gospel, country, and folk. [60], In 1956, the arrival of rockabilly was underlined by the success of songs like "Folsom Prison Blues" by Johnny Cash, "Blue Suede Shoes" by Perkins and the No. [85] It shared a common language, had been exposed to American culture through the stationing of troops in the country, and shared many social developments, including the emergence of distinct youth sub-cultures, which in Britain included the Teddy Boys and the rockers. Many of the earliest white rock and roll hits were covers or partial re-writes of earlier black rhythm and blues or blues songs. O Rock é uma vertente musical surgida do termo Rock and Roll. [59] Three months earlier, on April 12, 1954, Bill Haley & His Comets recorded "Rock Around the Clock". It originated from musical styles such as gospel, jump blues, jazz, boogie woogie, rhythm and blues, and country music. [99], In the crossover of African-American "race music" to a growing white youth audience, the popularization of rock and roll involved both black performers reaching a white audience and white musicians performing African-American music. 1 hit "Heartbreak Hotel" by Presley. Exceptions included the Platters, with songs including "The Great Pretender" (1955)[64] and the Coasters with humorous songs like "Yakety Yak" (1958),[65] both of which ranked among the most successful rock and roll acts of the era. [81], During the late 1950s and early 1960s, the rawer sounds of Elvis Presley, Gene Vincent, Jerry Lee Lewis and Buddy Holly were commercially superseded by a more polished, commercial style of rock and roll. K. Keightley, "Reconsidering rock" S. Frith, W. Straw and J. Si bien hoy existen tipos de rock que ya no guardan ningún parentesco con sus orígenes, todos tienen una raíz en común: el blues y el folk. Bill Flagg who is a Connecticut resident, began referring to his mix of hillbilly and rock 'n' roll music as rockabilly around 1953. [1][2] It originated from musical styles such as gospel, jump blues, jazz, boogie woogie, rhythm and blues,[3] and country music. Originou-se nos Estados Unidos na segunda metade do século XX, alcançando seu auge nos anos 70 e 80. Historia; General; Elvis Presley – The King of Rock’n’Roll ; Elvis Presley – The King of Rock’n’Roll. The more familiar sound of these covers may have been more palatable to white audiences, there may have been an element of prejudice, but labels aimed at the white market also had much better distribution networks and were generally much more profitable. [69] The racial lines, however, are rather more clouded by the fact that some of these R&B songs originally recorded by black artists had been written by white songwriters, such as the team of Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller. Nos anos 60 aparecem novos nomes na cena e o rock ganha ainda mais o coração do público. Estados Unidos fue el caldo de cultivo de esta música que maravilló a los jóvenes a partir de los años 50, y que sigue siendo sinónimo de rebeldía y experime… Marketing frequently emphasized the physical looks of the artist rather than the music, contributing to the successful careers of Ricky Nelson, Tommy Sands, Bobby Vee and the Philadelphia trio of Bobby Rydell, Frankie Avalon, Fabian, and Del Shannon, who all became "teen idols. [63] Despite the subsequent explosion in records from doo wop acts in the later '50s, many failed to chart or were one-hit wonders. [92] Other leading acts included Billy Fury, Joe Brown, and Johnny Kidd & the Pirates, whose 1960 hit song "Shakin' All Over" became a rock and roll standard. [88] At the same time British audiences were beginning to encounter American rock and roll, initially through films including Blackboard Jungle (1955) and Rock Around the Clock (1956). L to R: '70's rock - Led Zeppelin, David Bowie, Saturday Night Fever, Bruce Springsteen, and The Sex Pistols. [103], Several rock historians have claimed that rock and roll was one of the first music genres to define an age group. Como foi dito, muitos tipos de rock surgiram, com variadas características, agradando um público diverso. Jimi Hendrix – The Guitar God. [110], This article is about the 1950s style of music. Atualmente o rock brasileiro apresenta muitas misturas, mesclando estilos, assim como no mundo todo. [12] Many observers saw rock and roll as heralding the way for desegregation, in creating a new form of music that encouraged racial cooperation and shared experience. [70] One of the first relevant successful covers was Wynonie Harris's transformation of Roy Brown's 1947 original jump blues hit "Good Rocking Tonight" into a more showy rocker[71] and the Louis Prima rocker "Oh Babe" in 1950, as well as Amos Milburn's cover of what may have been the first white rock and roll record, Hardrock Gunter's "Birmingham Bounce" in 1949. Check out the full schedule and register for FREE! [102] Many authors have argued that early rock and roll was instrumental in the way both white and black teenagers identified themselves. [20] In the documentary film Hail! Street, eds, "Rock and Roll Pilgrims: Reflections on Ritual, Religiosity, and Race at. [73] Famously, Pat Boone recorded sanitized versions of songs recorded by the likes of Fats Domino, Little Richard, the Flamingos and Ivory Joe Hunter. [8] The term is sometimes also used as synonymous with "rock music" and is defined as such in some dictionaries.

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